A dwarfism skull: excavated on the site of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age cemetery at Artsvakar (Armenia)

Anahit Yurievna Khudaverdyan

Abstract


Dwarfs and dwarfism have been well represented in prehistoric and historic art. The visual representations of dwarfs appeared in Egyptian, Chinese and Roman art. Objective article to analyze the presence of dwarf in the Armenian society during the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. The skeletal remains of No.4 from the Artsvakar site, albeit incomplete, provide important clues to the paleopathological diagnosis of dwarfism. Was difficult to assess the sex due to the abnormal skull morphology and missing skeletal elements, several features suggest that this individual was a male, who reached a maturus aged. No specific archaeological context could be determined. The general biological characteristics of dwarfism were presented as background for an interpretation of the bony abnormalities seen in this individual. Pathological changes associated with stressful episodes such as anemia, inadequate nutrition, infectious diseases, which manifest in teeth and on the skull.


Keywords


Armenia; Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age; dwarfism skull

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