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Author Guidelines


Manuscripts must be submitted via the online manuscript management system of the Journal of Paleopathology website. For the submission and review process, one single file that includes all of the Figures and Tables must be uploaded to the online manuscript management system, preferably as a compressed .zip or .rar file.

All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, will takes place through the online manuscript management system. It is advised that the Authors keep an identical copy of the manuscript they submit.

Previously published material is not acceptable. Material from previously published work must be quoted precisely and adequately referenced. Use of previously published Figures, Tables, etc., require the written permission of the copyright owner of the previous publication. Manuscripts submitted are accepted for consideration with the understanding that their essential contents, including text, Tables and Figures, have not been previously published or are currently submitted to any another journal.

The submitted manuscript should be accompanied by a cover letter, and permissions to reproduce any previously material, such as Tables or illustrations. The Editor and Publisher reserve the right to return any manuscripts and illustrations to the Author(s) for revision if they are not in suitably finished form.


Upon acceptance for publication, manuscripts become the copyright property of the Associazione Antropologica Abruzzese – Journal of Paleopathology for 24 months. The copyright covers both the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints or any other reproduction in any other form, and the right to distribute it as an electronic file and to save it in data processing systems. Upon expiry of this period of 24 months from the initial publication date, the Journal of Paleopathology provides free online access to the full text contents. Thus, after this period, the manuscripts become the copyright property of the Authors, allowing others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the authorship of the work and its initial publication in the Journal of Paleopathology.


At the end of a successful submission, the corresponding Author will receive e-mail confirmation that the manuscript has been received by the journal.

IMPORTANT: Text, Figures and Tables must be submitted as separate files in one compressed file folder (.zip or .rar) to ensure that the submission is successful. The online manuscript management system can handle files of up to 30 MB. No supplementary material can be uploaded.

To avoid possible delay in processing a submission, the files must be submitted in the following formats:

  • One .doc or .docx file with the text and citations;
  • Each Figure in a separate file, in .tif, .jpg or .png format (preferably as .tif);
  • Figure legends in one .doc or .docx file;
  • All Tables in one .doc or .docx file.



General Instructions

A manuscript should have a uniform style, and be submitted exactly as it is to appear in print. It should consist of the following subdivisions in the given order, each prepared as a unit on separate pages:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Text
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

A manuscript should be double-spaced, including the literature cited, using 2.5 cm margins on all sides. The text should be in single-column format. The manuscript pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page.

  • Use 12-point font only.
  • Indent the first line of every paragraph, except the first paragraph of each section.
  • Do not right-justify any text.
  • Do not divide words at the end of lines; if they are unfamiliar to the layout editor, they may be incorrectly hyphenated.
  • Do not begin sentences with abbreviations.
  • The word “Figure” is not abbreviated in the text, except when appearing in parentheses: (Fig. 2); (Figs. 4-6).
  • Always spell out numbers when they are the first word in a sentence, or if the number is less than 10 (numbers of 10 and greater should use Arabic numerals); do not follow numbers spelled out with abbreviations. Numbers indicating time, weight and measurements are to be in Arabic numerals when followed by abbreviations (e.g., 2 mm; 1 s; 3 ml).

Title page. The title page must contain the following elements:

  • Title. Concise and informative.
  • Author names and affiliations. Give the Authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the Authors’ names. Where there is more than one affiliation address, indicate all of the affiliations with a superscript number immediately after each Author’s name and in front of the appropriate affiliation.
  • Corresponding Author. Include the name, full address, and e-mail address of the person to whom the proofs are to be sent.
  • Abbreviated title. Include a suggested running title of not more than 50 characters, including spaces.
  • Thematic areas. Select one or two of the following subject areas according to the thematic area of the submitted manuscript. These keywords should allow abstracters to correctly categorize the work so that it can be found in the article databases of the journal by interested researchers. You must also indicate these keywords in the online manuscript management system under the ‘Subject classification’ section.


– Methods in paleopathology

– Chemical, biochemical and molecular studies

– Skeletal dysplasias

– Trauma

– Endocrine disturbances

– Paleoparasitology

– Reticuloendothelial and hemopoietic disorders

– Lesions of the joints

– Mechanical deformities

– Non-human and comparative pathology

– Paleonutrition and stress indicators

– Lectures

– Studies on mummified materials

– Studies on written and artistic sources

– Skeletal malformations

– Metabolic disorders

– Infectious diseases

– Circulatory disturbances

– Tumors

– Lesions of the jaws and teeth

– Paleoepidemiology

– Ancient history of medicine and artificial lesions

– Other diseases

– Media reviews

  • Grant sponsorship.
  • Reviewers. Please, submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of two potential referees. Note that the Editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not these suggested Reviewers are used.

Abstract. The Abstract should consist of a maximum of 250 words, and within the manuscript file itself, the Abstract should be on a separate page that follows the title page. When published, the Abstract will precede the Introduction section of the text. The Abstract should be written in complete sentences and should succinctly state the objectives of the study, the design of the study, the main techniques used for the methods, and the main results and conclusions. An Abstract is often presented separately from its article, so it must be able to stand alone; for this reason, abbreviations and citation(s) to other published studies should be avoided.

Keywords. Immediately after the abstract, provide a minimum of three keywords, and no more than six. Do not repeat terms used in the manuscript title. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Subdivision – numbered sections. The journal uses a system of primary, secondary, and tertiary sections. Divide your manuscript into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1. (then 1.1.1., 1.1.2.,…), 1.2., etc. (the Abstract is not included in the section numbering). Only the first letter of section and subsection titles should be in capitals (e.g., 1. Materials and methods). The primary section is in bold (e.g., 1. Introduction); secondary sections are boldfaced and in italics (e.g., 1.2. Macroscopic and microscopic analyses); tertiary sections are in normal text and italics (e.g., 1.1.1. Radiographic analysis).

Use this section numbering system also for internal cross-referencing; do not just refer to “the text”. Each section and subsection should be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.



Do not embed Tables in the text. All Tables should be submitted as a separate single file. Be sure that each Table is cited in the text.

The Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals according to their order of appearance in the text. Because Tables are expensive to reproduce, they should be simple and uncomplicated, with as few vertical and horizontal lines as possible. Table titles should be complete but brief, and positioned above and outside of the Table. They should be accompanied by a short and concise descriptive summary of the Table contents that allows the Table and its contents to be suitably understood. Information other than this defining data should be presented on footnotes below the body of the Table, and indicate this with superscript lowercase letters (e.g., a, b, c). Ensure that the data presented in Tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the manuscript, or presented in Figures.



Format and resolution

The recommended format for all illustration files is .tiff (or .tif), .jpeg (or .jpg) and .png. Do not submit native application formats. Each Figure should be submitted as a separate file with the Figure number indicated in the file name. Compound Figures (e.g., 1a, b, c) should be uploaded as one Figure.

Journal quality reproduction will require grayscale and color files at resolutions of approximately 300 ppi. Bit-mapped line art should be submitted at resolutions of 600-1200 ppi. Size the Figures close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.

Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing in your original Figures. Embed all fonts used using the following fonts: Arial, Calibri, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.

Figures should be numbered consecutively (in Arabic numerals) according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.

Color illustrations

The Journal of Paleopathology does not publish color photographs or other color illustrations in the printed version. Color versions of illustrations can be included in the .pdf version of the paper, and remain free of charge. However, please note that any images printed in color in the .pdf version will be converted to black and white for the printed version. Therefore, Authors should plan Figures, particularly graphs, with this in mind, making sure that symbols and other elements are clearly distinguishable when printed in black and white.

Figure legends

Provide a separate file of the Figure legends. A Figure legend should comprise a brief title (not on the Figure itself), and a short and precise descriptive summary of (each panel) of the illustration. When symbols, arrows, numbers or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. A Figure legend should allow the Figure and its contents to be suitably understood.


Acknowledgements should be given in a separate section at the end of the manuscript, before the References list. These should include the contributions that need to be acknowledged, but do not include justification for authorship. Examples include acknowledgements of technical help, data collection, critical review of study proposal.

The acknowledgements header should be boldfaced and in italics.


Citation in the text

In the text, references to the literature should be cited by Author surname, followed by the year of publication. If there are multiple citations, these should be listed chronologically, such as:

     …studies by Rose (1990) revealed that…

     …an analysis by Johnson and Parker (2007) revealed that…

     …an analysis by Grant et al. (1999) revealed that…

     …in a previous study (Arnaud, 2000)…

     …in previous studies (Ross, 1989; Gruner et al., 1993; Allison, 2003)…

Where reference is made to more than one study by the same Author(s) published in the same year, identify each citation in the text as follows: (Smith, 1998a,b). Where three or more Authors are listed in the reference list, please cite these in the text as (Smith et al., 1998).

All references must be complete and accurate. Where possible, the DOI should be included for each reference, at the end of the reference. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also given in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the Abstract must be given in full in the Abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but can be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as “in press” indicates that the article has been accepted for publication. Do not include references either in the manuscript text or in the reference list as “in preparation” or “submitted”. These must be included as either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (e.g., DOI, Author names, dates, reference to a source publication), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list), under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Reference list style

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically, as necessary. More than one reference from the same Author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.

References should be listed in the following style:

Reference to a journal publication:

Lukacs JR, Hemphill BE (1990) Traumatic injuries of prehistoric teeth: new evidence from Baluchistan and Punjab provinces, Pakistan. Anthropologischer Anzeiger 48: 351–363.

Reference to a book:

Ortner DJ, Aufderheide AC (1991) Human paleopathology: current syntheses and future options. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp. 328.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Alexandersen V (1967) The pathology of the jaw and the temporomandibular joint. In Brothwell D, Sandison AT (Eds.) Disease in antiquity. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, pp. 551–595.


Moore MK (2008) Body mass estimation from the human skeleton [PhD dissertation]. University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

World Wide Web address or URL:

Judd MA One accident too many? Retrieved 14 January 2013, from:



All measurements should be reported in the metric system, in terms of the International System of Units (SI).



One set of page proofs (as a .pdf file) will be sent to the corresponding Author via e-mail from the publisher. This page proof must be checked immediately by the Author(s) and returned by e-mail to the publishers. Only typesetting errors or small technical changes can be made; for further corrections, the Authors will be charged.



Authors will receive a .pdf file free of charge, which is supplied for personal use only. Additional reprints can be ordered at cost.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor has it been submitted to another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in the Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word or Open Office document file format. The text is double spaced and in single-column format; the text is not right justified; and the words are not divided at the end of lines.
  3. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in the ‘About the Journal’ section.
  4. The format for all Figures is .tiff (or .tif), .jpeg (or .jpg), or .png, at an adequate size and resolution.
  5. For the submission and review process, one single file that includes the text, Figures, Figure legends and Tables will be uploaded, preferably as a compressed .zip or .rar file with a maximum size of 30 Mb. No supplementary material can be uploaded.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work two years after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.